We are a land of customs and rich heritage!
From Kashmir to Kanyakumari, India never fails to offer a vast variety in terms of folk music, food, art or even fabric.
Indian handlooms are known world wide for their extravagance, royalty and diversity. Since our nation has dependably been related to royal vintage weaves and alluring textiles, our love for hues and prints is just incredible. Propelled from nature, designs of sanctuaries and temples, rustic life and geometric patterns, prints in rich dynamic hues; talk a thousand words to the spectator.
With skilled workers from all aspects of the nation spilling out their creativity on material, we have a great many fabrics and craft art to look over. Along these lines, here is a rundown of the well known Indian handloom fabrics that have discovered much love from all over the world.
Join me on the Fabric tour of India in order to celebrate our handloom heritage:
Andhra Paradesh – Alluring Kalamkari
A vigilant skill of excellence, Kalamkari is known for its unbeatable serenity! It is a standout amongst the most popular and alluring Indian handloom arts. Originating from the Persian words, 'qalam' implies pen and 'Kari' implies craftsmanship, the art was patronized by the Mughlas and Nizams. The patterns are either printed or skilfully hand-painted in natural hues, majorly made from tree bark and flowers with the help of a kalam prepared using bamboo sticks.
Nowadays, the art is prominent as block print, utilized on sarees and other ensembles. Kalamkari is generally costly as it offers the most striking prints over women handloom fabric, ranging from sun chariots and lotus flowers to figures of Gods, evil spirits, and tales of Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Assam – Gleaming Muga Silk
One of the rarest and ravishing Silks on the planet comes from Assam and is known as Muga silk. Produced only in Assam, the Muga silk is also called ‘the Golden fibre’ as it was once considered as the luxury item and reserved only for sovereignty. The art form is popular for its outrageous durability and striking yellowish-golden tint. It is the most costly sort of Silk, truth be told, it is frequently contrasted with being as costly as purchasing gold.
The Muga silk sarees and ensembles have gained immense popularity in the past and that’s why it’s a desired thing for wedding and conventional wear. Not only in the North Eastern region, but the whole country seems like a big fan of gleamy Muga silk.
Bihar – Exceptional Bhagalpuri Silk
Being the shiniest and finest texture of Silk inspired by the embodiment of nature and known as the ‘Queen of all fabrics’, Bhagalpuri Silk is one of those different types of handlooms which is popular for its exceptional flexibility and charismatic features. This exquisite type of weaved craftsmanship discovered its name and acknowledgment from Bhagalpur which is also called the 'Silk City'. This natural craftsmanship represents the pure vibes of Bhagalpur in its impeccable shape.
Maintaining its allure in modern world, Bhagalpuri work has figured out how to spread out its wings onto distinctive attire things. Modern women all around the nation adore Bhagalpuri silk sarees because of the wide variety of different patterns and shades!
Chattisgarh – Unbeatable Kosa Silk
The great quality and shiny fabric combined with an amazing finish make Kosa silk women’s favourite. Made from an Indian silkworm – Antheraea mylitta, Kosa silk is an admired variety of Tussar silk. Drawn out of cocoons from the trees like Arjun, Saja and Sal; Kosa silk is known for its delicate texture and serenity produced only in India.
With its brilliant earthy look, these sarees are accessible normally in shades of pale brilliant, dim nectar, orange, grovel, cream and some more; all like the portrayal of dull golden brown!
Goa – Super Casual Kunbi
Water sports, beer and picturesque beaches; Goa is also famous for one more thing, Kunbi.
When you go through Indian fabrics information, Kunbi is the least noticeable one. Kunbi is basically the trademark cheque cotton fabric worn by the tribal women of Goa just below their knees. Goan women used to wear these saris typically draped and held with a knot in front of their shoulder, with or without a blouse. Under the Portuguese rule, the culture of wearing Kunbi has totally vanished from most of the parts of Goa. Though with time, the very talented designer Wendell Rodricks recently tried to rejuvenate the weaving of this texture.
Gujarat – Vibrant Bandhani
The term Bandhani derives from the Sanskrit word‘Bandha’which means – to dye! Begun by the Khatri community of Gujarat, Bandhani is an antiquated type of tie and dye technique popular in parts of Jaipur, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh. In order to take the legacy forward, the craftsmen for a very long time have been utilizing natural colours extricated from roots, blooms, leaves and berries.
The art includes colouring a texture tied firmly with a string at a few corners and delivering a variety of extra-ordinary patterns. The attractive spots, waves, strips and squares are unmistakably known by the name of Leheriya, Mothra, Ekadali and Shikhari.
Himachal Pradesh – Thrilling Kullu Shawls
Along with the picturesque locations and amazing weather, Himachal is famous for its handwoven warm Kullu shawls. Produced in the Kullu city of Himachal Pradesh, these shawls are popular all around the world. The different fabrics of different states have their own kind of charm.
Majorly known for their elegant and subtle patterns, these fine woollen fabric are the best to keep one’s body warm in cold weathers. These Kullu shawls are generally worn by both; men and women.
Karnataka – Magical Mysore Silk
The Mysore silk crepe is handwoven silk spun yarn and is a standout amongst the most generally utilized type of silk crosswise over India. Originates from the city of Mysore in Karnataka, Mysore crepes have an illustrious vibe that suits stylized events.
Since the Mysore silk crepe comes from the period of vintage India, it generally is made of original silk with gold Zari. Mysore silk crepe saree got a face that depicts the legacy of India.
Kerala – Traditional Kasavu
From the land of ‘God’s own country’, the traditional off-white and golden border saree is a symbol of pride in Kerala state. The Kasavu fabrics are majestic and magnificent and of high quality, hand-made by 100% unbleached cotton.
The culture of wearing Kasavu sarees on wedding functions and major festivals by Malyali women is a very popular and regular practice. Kasavu is considered as one of the finest conventional sarees which never fails to compliment a woman’s beauty!
Madhya Pradesh – Charming Chanderi
Stunningly toned and brought from the legendary Chanderi town in Madhya Pradesh, this texture is accessible in an immense palette of solids and delicate pastel tints. Its sheer surface and light weight and flowy texture, make it a perfect pick for extra-ordinary party-wear designs. From florals to abstracts, zari borders to ombre shades, the qualities to fall for this texture are limitless.
Chanderi silk sarees and suits are the first preferences of modern women as it offers a wide assortment and different texture blend. A considerable measure of mix handloom fabric textures in Chanderi are accessible in the market to bedazzle the ethnic look.
Punjab – Dream Weaved Phulkari
Coming from the land of vibrancy and happiness, the Phulkari weaved is a celebration of Punjab. Phulkari is a common term for Punjabi women which means ‘flower work’. Back in those days, the craft style was all about the freedom of creativity which used to emerge as the regular mediocre look exquisite. The vibrant colours and alluring patterns used to represent the imperial values of Punjab. The weavers used to spun the charkha and created the this spectacular style of embroidery on odinis, shawls, kurtis and chunris. Though the art has originated in Punjab but the charm of Phulkari has been untamed in the whole country!
Rajasthan – Splendid Shisha
What comes to your mind when you heard the term ‘Rajsthani ghagra’ - bright swirling colours in the desert radiant with mirrors. Rajasthan is known for rich heritage and culture. Be it their folk music, food or art; the vibrancy and blissful vibes are bizarre.
But these graceful and intricate hand work done by artisans is not an easy job. From cutting the fabric into panels and then stitched them together as per the motifs and embellishments, take more than 20 days to create a traditional Rajasthani ghagra. The mirror work has always been a major part of Rajasthnai folk art which enhances the beauty of these ensembles!
Tamil Nadu – Magnificent Kanjeevaram
The most shiniest and expensive women handloom fabric is known as Kanjeevaram. Amongst the finest handwoven silks exist in the country, the Kanjeevaram is considered as the lavish item reserved for the royalty. Originated from the Kanjipuram city of Tamil Nadu, these sarees are famous for their elaborate zari work.
The silk fabric is a mandatory part of South-Indian traditions. They are the spectacular mark of culture for weddings and major occasions. Majorly known for the high gleam and durability, these Kanjeevaram sarees are not only famous in Tamil but across the globe.
From B-town divas to south Indian brides, women love getting drapes in the magic of elegance and ethnicity of Kanjeevaram sarees!
Telangana – Matchless Pochampally Ikat
Ikat is a special sort of resist dyeing procedure where instead of fabric the yarns are packaged and coloured in a particular shade. Once the yarns are coloured and dried, the craftsmen start another procedure of weaving them. Because of pre-dyeing of yarns, the weaving art is never in the proper symmetry and that’s what make Ikat more fascinating and impeccable.
Famously made in Bhoodan Pochampally, Telangana, Ikat is known for its superlative patterns and geometric designs.
Uttar Pardesh – Wonderful Chikankari
An art style believed to be as old as third Century BC, Chikankari of Lucknow, begun by Nur Jahan, The spouse of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir seems to be never dying. The Chikankari is a very popular art form which is adored by women all across the globe.
Famous for its weaving design which is normally done by a thick white cotton string on delicate pastel shades, this renowned art is delightfully worn by individuals with an end goal of having a sophisticated look. Chikankari Kurti is a classic pick that can be paired with any bottom wear and can throb heart of any individual who sees it.
Don’t you think that we all should feel proud on being born in this cultural land of diversity!? Hope the fabric tour of India takes you closer to Indian heritage. Let’s celebrate each handloom fabric as they are unique and make our country a bit more fascinating!
Fabric Tour of India – It’s time to Celebrate Handloom Heritage
India is known for its unfading culture and traditions, particularly when there is such an extensive variety to choose from. The gigantic assortment of handloom fabrics which is amusing people around the globe over a period is a hard work and skills of Indian craftsmen, that have been inherently passed to the generations after generations. Each social corner of India has its own unique fabric and style. Join me on this incredible tour of heritage legacy of Indian handloom fabrics!
We are a land of customs and rich heritage!